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Top Beautiful Ancient Cities of the World

1 Plovdiv
Founded: Per 400 BC


Plovdiv's history spans 6,000 years, with traces of a Neolithic settlement dating to roughly 4000 BC and ranking it among the world's oldest cities. Plovdiv is now the second-largest city in Bulgaria after the capital city Sofia. It is one of the most overlooked cities in the world, as it’s stunningly beautiful and packed full of historic artifacts and monuments.

2 Damascus
Founded: 1700 BC


Damascus is the capital of Syria and home to over 2.6 million people. The nickname of this city is "City of Jasmine". This city is as crowded as it is old, and it’s believed to have been settled nearly 12,000 years ago! At that time, mankind was barely out of the Stone Age.

3 Rome
Founded: 753 BC


Rome's history spans more than two and a half thousand years, since its legendary founding in 753 BC. It is one of the oldest cities in Europe. In the ancient world it was successively the capital city of the Roman Kingdom, the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, and is regarded as one of the birthplaces of western civilization.

4 Delhi
Founded: 300 BC


The Indian capital city of Delhi has a long history, including a history as the capital of several empires. Delhi is generally considered a close to 5000-year old city,It is India's second-most-populous city after Mumbai, and the largest city in terms of area. With a population of 22 million in 2011, the city is the fourth-largest city in the world.

5 Xi’an
Founded: 1100 BC



Xi'an is one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China, having held the position under several of the most important dynasties in Chinese history. The city is full of ancient ruins, monuments, and still contains the ancient wall built in the Ming Dynasty. It also holds the tomb of Qin Shi Huang which is most famous for the terracotta army.

6 Jerusalem
Founded: 2000 BC


No other city in all of human history has ever been so hotly contested for such a long period of time. Jerusalem is one of the oldest cities in the world and it is considered a holy city by Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. It is capital city of Israel (though not all countries recognise this fact). It is located in the Judean Mountains, between the Mediterranean Sea and the northern edge of the Dead Sea. It is Israel's largest city in both population and area.

7 Beirut
Founded: 1900 BC


Beirut is the capital and largest city of Lebanon. Located on a peninsula at the midpoint of Lebanon's Mediterranean coast, it serves as the country's largest and main seaport. Beirut has been a city of Man for at least 5,000 years, and theories suggest it could actually be more like 20,000, making it the oldest city on Earth.

8 Istanbul
Founded: 660 BC

Istanbul Founded: 660 BC Istanbul (Turkish: İstanbul) is the largest city in Turkey, constituting the country's economic, cultural, and historical heart. Founded on the Sarayburnu promontory around 660 BC as Byzantium, the city now known as Istanbul developed to become one of the most significant cities in history.

9 Athens
Founded: 1400 BC


Athens it the capital city of Greece and it is also the largest city. Its 3,400 year history is a fascinating one and much of the culture and customs of the ancient Athenians found there way into many other cultures due to its dominance in the region as a vast city-state. The multitude of archeological sites make this the perfect city for visit for anyone with a passion for European history and culture.

10 Lisbon
Founded: 1200 BC


Lisbon is the largest city and the capital of Portugal. Lisbon has been standing for roughly 3,200 years.Lisbon is recognised as a global city because of its importance in finance, commerce, media, entertainment, arts, international trade, education, and tourism

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